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Manoj Kumar - ' The Bhaarat Kumar '

Manoj Kumar--"The Bhaarat Kumar"

Manoj Kumar is an award-winning Indian actor and director in the Bollywood film industry. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and he has been given the nickname of "Bhaarat Kumar". Manoj's image as the patriotic hero started with the 1965 film Shaheed, which was based on the life of Bhagat Singh. In 1992, he was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

* Real Name ----------- Harikishen Goswami
* Reel Name ----------- Manoj Kumar
* Popular Name ------ Bhaarat Kumar
* Occupation----------- Actor, Director, Producer, Lyricist, Writer
* Height ----------------- 5'10" or 1.78 m
* Date of Birth --------- 24 July 1937
* Place of Birth -------- Abbottabad ,Lahore, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
* Wife -------------------- Shashi Goswami
* Sons -------------------- Kunal Goswami , Vishal Goswami
* Brother ---------------- Rajiv Goswami
* Cousin ----------------- Lekhraj Bhakri

Early life

Manoj Kumar was born in Abbottabad, a town of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, then part of British India. Abbottabad is now located within the borders of Pakistan. His original name was Harikishan Giri Goswami. When he was 10, his Gosain Hindu family had to move to Delhi owing to partition. His family lived as refugees in Vijay Nagar, Kingsway Camp and later moved to Patel Nagar area of New Delhi. After graduating from Hindu College, University of Delhi, he decided to enter the film industry.

Personal life

Manoj Kumar ( Harikishen Goswami ) is married to Shashi Goswami (originally from Jodhkan, Sirsa district, Haryana). 

 Manoj with wife Shashi
                He has two sons, Vishal Goswami and Kunal Goswami.

    Kunal Goswami acted in few films like Kranti, Kalakar, Ghungru etc.

                          Manoj Kumar with son Vishal

Vishal tried his skills as a singer. Manoj's brother, Rajiv Goswami, also entered the film industry through the fillm 'Painter Babu'.  None were able to gain any footing in Bollywood.


After making a little-noticed début in Fashion in 1957, Manoj Kumar landed his first leading role in Kaanch Ki Gudia (1960) opposite Sayeeda Khan. He was only 19 when H.S. Rawail gave Manoj Kumar his first break as a hero in 1961 in the film ‘Kaanch Ki Gudiya’. The news about the new kid in tinsel town was so buoyant that Manoj signed on for four or five films even before his debut was released. 

'Piya Milan Ki Aas' and 'Reshmi Roomal' followed, setting the stage for the Vijay Bhatt-directed 'Hariyali Aur Raasta' (1962) opposite Mala Sinha. This amazing film that made Manoj Kumar a colossal star.

Manoj Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla's 'Woh Kaun Thi' (1964), and reunited with Vijay Bhatt and Mala Sinha in 'Himalaya Ki God Mein' (1965). 

Manoj Kumar and Raj Khosla repeated their successful Actor-Director partnership with the film Do Badan, which was remembered for many reasons including Raj Khosla's great direction, Manoj Kumar and the heroine Asha Parekh's excellent display of histrionics, an outstanding musical score by Ravi, immortal songs by the lyricist Shakeel Badayuni, among others.

The patriotic hero - 'Bhaarat Kumar'

Manoj Kumar's image as the patriotic hero started with the 1965 film Shaheed, based on the life of Bhagat Singh, a martyr in the struggle for India's freedom.

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked him to create a film based on the popular slogan ' Jai Jawan Jai Kissan '. The result was Manoj  Kumar's magnum opus and his directorial debut, 'Upkar' (1967). In it, he played both a soldier and a farmer.

The film was also noted for the famous song Mere Desh Ki Dharti, written by Gulshan Bawra, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and sung by Mahendra Kapoor. Upkaar was a hit and won Kumar his first Filmfare Best Director Award.

This was the first film by Manoj Kumar where he stars as Bharat. Soon he starred again as Bharat in his home productions Purab Aur Paschim (1970), Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) and Kranti (1981). Due to these films and patriotic films, he was nicknamed as ' Bhaarat Kumar '.

(1965 -1972)

After dabbling in various roles in the late 1960s, Manoj Kumar returned to patriotic themes in Purab Aur Paschim (1970), in which life in the East and West are juxtaposed. In 1972, he starred in Be-Imaan (for which he won the Filmfare Best Actor Award) . 

'Shor' was another good film. He directed and starred in Shor (1972). Shor, opposite Nanda, was not a huge box office success, but it did feature the memorable song Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai, a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, which was composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal and written by Santosh Anand.

Later career (1974 - 1999)

The mid-1970s saw Manoj Kumar star in three hit films:

* Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) was a social commentary featuring an all-star cast including Zeenat Aman, Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh Bachchan that won him his second Filmfare Award for Best Director.

* Sanyasi (1975) had Manoj Kumar and Hema Malini in the lead roles of a religious-themed comedy.

* And Dus Numbri (1976) also gave Manoj Kumar and Hema top billing. 

* In 1981,Manoj  Kumar reached the peak of his career when he got the opportunity to direct his idol, Dilip Kumar, as well as star in Kranti, a story about the struggle for Indian independence in the 19th century. Kranti was the last notable successful film in his career. He also starred in the hit Punjabi film Jat Punjabi.

After Kranti, Manoj Kumar's career began to decline in the 1980s as all of his films failed at the box office. In 1989 he cast Pakistani actors Mohammad Ali and Zeba in his film Clerk which was considered to be a groundbreaking event. He quit acting after his appearance in the 1995 film Maidan-E-Jung. His son, Kunal Goswami, tried to revive the patriotic theme and was directed by Kumar in the 1999 film Jai Hind which was a flop. Manoj Kumar was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award that same year.


Like many other Bollywood stars, Manoj Kumar decided to enter politics following his retirement. Before the 2004 general election in India, it was announced that he had officially joined the ranks of the Shiv Sena. After Upkar he was offered a ticket from Congress but he refused.



His trademark hand-covering-the-face was very popular and continues to be the butt of jokes of latter day stand-up comedians. In 2007, the Shah Rukh Khan's film ' Om Shanti Om ' featured the lead character pretending to be Manoj Kumar so as to sneak into a movie premiere, by holding his hand over his face.
Manoj Kumar filed a lawsuit, which was settled out of court.


** Civilian award

    * 1992 - Padma Shri by the Government of India

** National Film Awards

    1968 - National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film for Upkar

** Filmfare Awards

* Won

    1968 - Filmfare Best Movie Award for Upkaar
    1968 - Filmfare Best Director Award for Upkar
    1968 - Filmfare Best Story Award for Upkar
    1968 - Filmfare Best Dialogue Award for Upkar
    1972 - Filmfare Best Actor Award for Beimaan
    1975 - Filmfare Best Director Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
    1999 - Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award

* Nominated

    1968 - Filmfare Best Actor Award for Upkar
    1969 - Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Aadmi
    1973 - Filmfare Best Director Award for Shor
    1975 - Filmfare Best Movie Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
    1975 - Filmfare Best Actor Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
    1976 - Filmfare Best Actor Award for Sanyasi
** Other Awards

    1968 - BFJA Awards: Best Dialogue for Upkar
    2001 - Kalakar Awards for Lifetime Achievement
    2008 - Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award
    2010 - Lifetime Achievement Award at the 12th Mumbai Film Festival.
    2012 - Lifetime Achievement Award at the Apsara Awards.
    2012 - Lifetime Achievement Award at the Nashik International Film Festival.
    2012 - "Bharat Gaurav Award" in New Jersey, USA.

** Honours

    2008 - National Kishore Kumar Award by the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
    2009 - Phalke Ratna Award by the Dadasaheb Phalke Academy.
    2010 - National Raj Kapoor Award by the Government of Maharashtra.

** Special Honour

   *  2008 - In an honour to Manoj Kumar, the Government of Madhya Pradesh has decided to institute a Rs 100,000 award in his name. The state government also recommend Kumar's name for Bharat Ratna to the central government.

   *  2011 - In the honour of devotion of Manoj Kumar towards Shri Sai Baba; Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust, Shirdi has renamed "Pimpalwadi Road" in Shirdi, as "Manojkumar Goswami Road".



Year     Film
1957     Fashion            
1958     Panchayat            
1958     Sahara            
1959     Chand            
1960     Honeymoon            
1961     Suhaag Sindoor            
1961     Kaanch ki gudiya            
1961     Reshmi rumal            
1962     Hariyali Aur Rasta        
1962     Dr. Vidya        
1962     Shaadi            
1962     Banarsi Thug    
1962     Maa beta            
1962     Piya Milan Ki Aas            
1962     Naqli nawab            
1963     Apna bana ke dekho            
1963     Ghar basake dekho            
1963     Grahasti            
1964     Apne huye paraye            
1964     Woh Kaun Thi?        
1964     Phoolon Ki Sej            
1965     Shaheed            
1965     Himalaya Ki God Mein         
1965     Gumnaam        
1965     Poonam Ki Raat
1965     Bedaag           
1966     Do Badan        
1966     Saawan Ki Ghata        
1966     Saajan
1966     Picnic            
1967     Patthar Ke Sanam    
1967     Anita        
1967     Upkar                (Winner, Filmfare Best Movie Award)
1968     Neel Kamal         
1968     Aadmi        
1970     Purab Aur Paschim        
1970     Yaadgar        
1970     Pehchan        
1970     Mera Naam Joker             
1972     Shor        
1972     Be-Imaan                (Winner, Filmfare Best Actor Award)
1974     Roti Kapda Aur Makaan        
1975     Sanyasi        
1976     Dus Numbri
1977     Amaanat
1977     Shirdi Ke Sai Baba
1979     Jatt Punjabi        
1981     Kranti        
1987     Kalyug Aur Ramayan
1989     Santosh
1989     Clerk
1989     Deshwasi        
1989     Santosh             
1989     Bharat        
1995     Maidan-E-Jung    

** Interesting Facts : -

* As a youth, he admired Bollywood superstar Dilip Kumar, and decided to name himself Manoj Kumar after Dilip's character in Shabnam (1949).

Manoj and Dilip Kumar in Aadmi

* 'Kranti' was his crowning glory. He fulfilled his desire to direct Dilip Kumar, who he had admired and imitated. He proved to the world that he was the only director who didn't let Dilip Kumar interfere in his film. 'Kranti' was totally a Manoj Kumar film, it didn't have the slightest stamp of Dilip Kumar, usually present in the latter's films. Manoj's diktat to all his stars was 'Aap aao apni marzi se, lekin jao meri marzi se'. He was the King and in those days, he was offered a crore of rupees for acting and directing an outside film. He rejected these offers. He worked at pace leisurely. Not for him the hurried shots and rush jobs.

*  'Shor' was another good film. He picked up a two para news-story and made a film out of it. The story was about one of those ironies of life: a father cycled non-stop for 14 days, to break a record and win a cash prize to pay for a surgery for his mute son. When the son regains his voice, the father meets with an accident and loses his hearing! Few among the Indian film makers could make a film with this theme, but Manoj did.

* Manoj  Kumar has privately claimed credit for the direction of 'Woh Kaun Thi' and some other films - but the Manoj Kumar stamp is visible even in 'Shaheed', 'Beimaan', 'Dus Numbri' and 'Yaadgar'.

* When Manoj Kumar showed 'Shaheed' to the then Prime Prime minister Late Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri, he was very much pleased and inspired him to make a film on 'Jai Jawan Jai Kisan ' - a slogan given by Shastri Ji.

* It was with the genuine pride for his country's leaders that he had installed Nehru, Shastri and Indira on a pedestal along with Bhagat Singh and Gandhi Ji in his films.


Three Memorable Movies Of Manoj Kumar


Shaheed (1965 )

Shaheed is a 1965 Hindi movie based on great martyr Bhagat Singh's life. The film stars Manoj Kumar as Shaheed Bhagat Singh (in the first of his patriotic series of films). Some memorable songs written by famous krantikari Ram Prasad 'Bismil' are included in this film. 


* Presented by ------ Manoj Kumar
* Directed by -------- S. Ram Sharma
* Produced by ------ Kewal P. Kashyap
* Banner ------------- K.P.K.Movies
* Based On --------- Batukeshwar Dutt's writings
* Written by --------- Din Dayal Sharma (dialogue, screenplay)
* Music by------------ Prem Dhawan
* Cinematography-- Ranjod Thakur
* Editing by----------- B. S. Glaad, Vishnu Kumar Singh
* Art -------------------- Sant Singh
* Lyrics  by------------ Prem Dhawan and Late Ram Prasad 'Bismil'
* Music by ------------ Prem Dhawan
* Release date-------1965
* Country ------------- India
* Language ---------- Hindi 

Star Cast:

* Manoj Kumar ............. Bhagat Singh
* Prem Chopra ............. Sukhdev
* Anant Kumar .............. Rajguru
* Manmohan ................ Chandarshekhar Azad
* Sarita ........................ Bhagat Singh's fiancee
* Krishan Dhawan ........ Sardar Ajit Singh (Bhagat Singh's Uncle)
* D. K. Sapru ............... Sardar Kishan Singh (Bhagat Singh's Father)
* Kamini Kaushal ......... Mrs. Kishan Singh (Bhagat Singh's Mother)
* Nirupa Roy ................ Durga Bhabhi
* Indrani Mukherjee ..... Susheela
* Karan Diwan ............. Bhagwati Charan
* Sailesh Kumar .......... Batukeshwar Dutt
* Raj Kishore ............... Jaygopal
* Sudhir ....................... Yeshwant
* Kamal Kapoor ........... Public Prosecutor - Delhi
* Iftekhar ..................... Public Prosecutor - Lahore
* Pran ......................... Daku Kehar Singh
* Madan Puri ............... Jailor
* Asit Sen .................... Dhaniram Rotiwala
* Anwar Hussain .......... Chattar Singh


It is the year 1916 in India, a year that Sardar Kishan Singh, his wife, their children, including son, Bhagat, and their parents will never forget, for it was the day his brother, Ajit Singh, sang out against the British, was arrested, escaped from prison, and has never been heard of again. 

This biopic begins with a young Bhagat Singh growing up in colonial India pressed under British rule. The bruise of heartache clear in her voice, his staunchly nationalistic mother (Kamini Kaushal) explains to her little boy that the British who had originally come as guests are now hamare desh ke maalik (owners our of country). The young boy asks pertinently, "Hum bahar kyon nahin nikal dete (Why don't we throw them out)?"

 He is inspired by his mother and by his freedom fighter uncle who gives up his family life to continue his struggle from outside the country.

His undeniable earnestness (he holds his hand unflinchingly over an open flame) convinces freedom fighter Chandrashekhar Azad to let him join the freedom fightiting movement.

It is then that an unarmed freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai, protesting the Simon Commission, is killed by Police lathicharge. Bhagat Singh teams up with fellow patriots Sukhdev and Rajguru and gets involved in a plot to shoot British officer Scott.

Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekar Ajad, Rajguru, Sukhdev, and Jaygopal avenge Lala Lajpat Rai's death by killing another Britisher, the Assistant Commissioner Saunders. When a major police hunt is announced, they flee, especially Bhagat, as he has been identified as the Sikh with the turban. Bhagat takes off his turban, shaves off his beard. Donning a Western disguise and enlisting the help of his bhabhi (Nirupa Roy) to pretend she is his wife, Singh makes good his escape and continues to be active in the freedom movement .

Time passes Bhagat Singh along with his comrade Batukeshwar Dutt decide  to employ the totally nonviolent protest of throwing a bomb (which does not hurt anyone) in in central assembly of British Parliament in order to warn the british government that Bharat ( India) is awakeing. They willingly surrender to the police. They aim to spread ' Inquilab Zindabad ' message to the masses. Justice, however, is denied them in a keenly contested court case and they are sentenced to life imprisonment. They are sent to jail.

His best friend and comrade Sukhdev and his other comrades too get arrested ,except Chandrashekhar Ajad. Jaygopal becomes apporver of government and tells everything about revolutionaries and their plans to the British. All others are arrested and sent to Lahore central jail and are prosecuted by British for killing Saunders .

Jailor tortures Bhagat singh and Sukhdev to become apporver of government but in vain . Meanwhile after seeing the maltreatment of Bhartiya prisoners Bhagat singh and other Revolutionaries announces Hunger strike ,Revolutionary Yadintranath das becomes Martyr in this Strike ,finally Government gives up and stops the maltreatment in jail. 

Lahore conspiracy case of Saunders killing continues ,Bhagat singh and his comrades gives a wonderful speech against British imperialism,Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagavati Charan Vohra tries to release Bhagat singh and his comrades but it is in vain and Bhagavati Bhaiya Becomes Martyr in this attempt . 

After some time The Great Chandrashekhar Azad also becomes martyr during his encounter with englishmen in Alfred park. Bhagat singh ,Rajguru and Sukhdev are given death sentence for waging a war against England . Fearing from public oppositon Sukhdev ,Bhagat Singh and Rajguru are secretly sent to the gallows a day before and become martyrs, singing --

          "O Mera Rang De Basanti Chola "                                     


* Music - Prem Dhawan
* Lyrics - Prem Dhawan and Late Ram Prasad 'Bismil'

 Title -------------------------------------------------------------Singer(s)

1 "Ai Vatan Ai Vatan Hamko" -- Mohammad Rafi
2 "Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna "------- Manna De, Rafi & Rajinder Mehta
3 "Jogi, Ham To Lut Gaye"------- Lata Mangeshkar
4 "O Mera Rang De" ------- Mukesh, Mahendra, & Rajinder Mehta
5 "Pagadi Sambhaal Jattaa" ------- Mohammad Rafi
6 "Watan Pe Marne Wale " -------- Mohammad Rafi



* Best Feature Film in Hindi at the 13th National Film Awards
* Hindi, Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration
* Best Story Award for B. K. Dutt and Din Dayal Sharma.


* It was appreciated by the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shashtri.


Interesting Facts:

* Shaheed was the first film of Manoj Kumar as a patriotic hero.his small-budget black-and-white film had enormous impact, besides laying the foundation for Manoj's famous flag-waving ' Mr Bharat' image that was strengthened by a string of subsequent films like Upkar, Purab Aur Paschim and Kranti.

* Shaheed presented nationalist fervour through a deeply human story rooted in emotion.

* The film was shot on a tight budget in black-and-white when colour was already predominant. It won three National Awards and was appreciated by then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shashtri.

* Two famous villains Pran and Prem Chopra played positive roles in the film. Pran was the leading villain yet did the role for a pittance. When Manoj made his directorial debut with Upkar next, he gave Pran a positive role of 'Malang Chacha' that changed the course of his career.

* The success of Shaheed enabled 1940s and 1950s star Kamini Kaushal to make a comeback and start a successful second innings in Hindi films, now as a mother.

* Prem Dhawan made a name for himself as a lyricist in the fifties and sixties with such hit songs as Seene mein sulagte hai armaan (Taraana), and Chhodo kal ki baatein (Hum Hindustani), when the makers of Shaheed asked the multifaceted virtuoso to compose music for their film.

* Prem Dhawan distinguished himself with the music of Shaheed. Later,when he composed for Pavitra Paapi, he came up with notable numbers like Teri duniya se hoke majboor chala.

* Besides Shaheed, Manoj had two other hits, Himalay Ki God Mein and Gumnaam, in 1965 and this trio firmly established him as a star.

* The women in the film come off as strong and pragmatic. Despite their own miseries, they don't weaken Bhagat Singh's resolve. Nirupa Roy is particularly adept at mixing emotion with earthy practicality. This glimpse of women power calls to mind the role of countless women in India's freedom struggle.

* Manoj Kumar plays Bhagat Singh with earnestness and drops his studied mannerisms. He remembers lying on blocks of ice for over 24 hours for the torture scene. “For four months, my back was as dead as that of a monkey,” he says. He still has the burn mark on his left palm that he got during the candle scene. “We didn’t have the technology or the gadgets to shoot all this. I wanted to do it this way since this was the only way I could get rid of the guilt I had for not being able to do the role when I was a kid,” he says.


Wonderful Dialogues :

Manoj has some well-written dialogues :-

** For Kehar Singh (Pran):-

Bhagat Singh's ability to inspire his fellow human beings is cogently conveyed through Pran's character who, before being sent to the gallows, says: 
 "Zindagi mein kisi nek aadmi se haath nahin milaya. Milayega haath ?"

**  For Bhagat Singh (Manoj Kumar) :- 

When the jailor (Madan Puri) pleads with him to give in, excusing himself by saying, "Main majboor hoon ," 
Manoj retorts, "Aap hukum se majboor hain," (pause) "main dil se majboor hoon "


* Shaheed very effectively captures the camaraderie between the young freedom fighters --- in the hearty greetings Singh accords to his compatriots in jail. They hail each other with, "Lagta hai barso baad mile hai ,".

The jailor retorts, "Fiqr mat karo ab barso saath rehna padega ."

**  For Bhagat Singh's mother (Kamini Kaushal):-

* " Aap ko to shaq hai aur mujhe yakeen hai, main apne Bhagat ko achchhi tarah janti hoon .Ye usi ka kaam hai."


* " Apne desh liye ek baar marna sau janmon ke barabar hota hai."


* ' Main apne Bhagat ko janti hoon, akash jhuk sakta hai mera Bhagat nahi juk sakta."


* "Jante ho, mere Bhagat ne azadi ko biyah lane ki saugandh khai hai ,aaj uski shadi ki taiyariyan ho rahi hain, kal mera beta dulha banega ,uski barat sajegi, kabhi aisa bhi hua hai ki bete ki shadi ho aur ma baap shareek na ho,log kya kahenge,biradari kya kahegi."

** For Durga Bhabhi (Nirupa Roy) :-

When she remarks on western avtar of Bhagat Singh :- 

" Angrez isliye nahi kahoongi ki unse hamari dushmani hai."


Wonderful Shots :-

* There is a gooseflesh-inducing moment — the candle scene in which Singh puts his hand on an open flame to prove his earnestness to Chandrashekhar Azad, as Mohammad Rafi sings Ae Watan… humko teri kasam.

* The first time Singh is seen in a Western avatar — felt hat, moustache, overcoat is also a favourite moment.

* The auteur touches are evident in the upside-down framing of the shots when Sukhdev is being tortured.

* The roti burning unattended on the stove as Singh's mother runs out when she hears of Saunders' assassination.

* The hooded-eye encounter between Sukhdev and Bhagat Singh when each is led to believe the other has become a sarkari gawah (government witness).

* When Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru, all dressed in black, go for their final walk singing " Mera Rang De Basanti Chola ", and the camera focuses on the words “Live and Let Live” written on the wall of the jail.


** Wonderful Songs:-

One can never forget such inspiring lyrics,music and voices of the songs like -

* Ishk Azadi Se Ashikon Ne Kiya

  Dekh Lena Use Hum Biyah Layenge


* Hum Na Dekhenge Kal Ki Baharein To Kya

 Tumko To Wo Baharein Dikha Jayenge


* Teri Pooja Ki Thali Mein Laye Hain Hum
  Phool Har Rang Ke Aaj HarDal Ke


* Mera Rang De Basanti Chola
  Maye Rang De Basanti Chola


* Pagri Sambhal Jatta
  Pagri Sambhal Oye


* Laut Kar Aa Sake Na Jahan Mein To Kya
  Yaad Ban Kar Dilon Mein To Aa Jayenge



Making of Shaheed :

{ As told by Manoj Kumar to Lata Khubchandani }

 When I was making my film on legendary hero and freedom fighter Shaheed Bhagat Singh, I had collected a lot of material. All of it could not be used - the length of the film posed a restriction.

Before I made Shaheed (1965), two films on Bhagat Singh had already been made. Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh directed by Jagdish Gautam with Prem Adeeb as hero (he was termed Lord Rama after acting in Ram Rajya), and Shaheed Bhagat Singh by veteran director Vishram Bedekar with Shammi Kapoor as Bhagat Singh and Premnath as Chandrashekhar Azad.

Both the films flopped. So it was not hot news at the box-office when we started making Shaheed. But (publicist-journalist) Kewal P. Kashyap wanted to make the film.

It had an almost nil star cast. There was the role of one Kehar Singh. I don't know whether these films being made today know from where I had taken this character.

We met Bhagat Singh's mother and brothers quite often in Chandigarh during the making of Shaheed. When his mother was hospitalised, Kewal and I went to visit her. That is where we met the legendary Batukeshwar Dutt, who had accompanied Bhagat Singh in the Central Assembly bomb blast.

I spent a number of days with Batukeshwar Dutt and learnt a lot from him about Bhagat Singh. I was surprised and sorry to read in the papers recently that said they (Batukeshwar Dutt and Bhagat Singh) had formed the Hindustan Socialist Republic Army with Chandrashekhar Azad as commander-in-chief.

I was and am still very close to Manmath Raj Gupta, who has written about 50 books on the revolution. Gupta was involved in the Kakori case (1926) and imprisoned, too.

I remember Kamini Kaushal had said goodbye to films when I was making Shaheed. But I narrated the story to her and convinced her to do my film.

The other great man who obliged me was Pran. He was so fascinated by Kehar Singh's character when I narrated it to Raj Khosla during the shooting of Do Badan that he asked me who was playing the role. I said I didn't know. He said, 'When you start the film send the producer to me.'

I told the producer what Pranji had said. He said he couldn't afford Pran. I said there was no harm in meeting him and telling him that. So he went to Pranji and told him we could not afford to pay him.

He returned 45 minutes later, jumping with joy. When I asked him what happened, he said Pran had offered to do the role for a mere Rs 7,000!

In Ludhiana, Pran must have spent Rs 200,000 to 300,000, on entertaining the unit. We had 80 junior and main artistes. We shot the film at Ludhiana Central Jail. We were there for more than two months. We were short of funds and would shoot with lights you find in the chaurahas [streets], etc.

Bhagat Singh was in Lahore Central Jail but we could not shoot there because the relationship between India and Pakistan wasn't good - exactly like it is today.

Those days, music composers Shanker-Jaikishan, Ravi, O P Nayyar were ruled. K Kashyap was their publicist but I insisted I wanted Prem Dhawan. When we went to him and told him we were making this film, he said, "Will you give me the opportunity to write the lyrics?" I said I wanted him to compose the music, too.

He was hesitant since he had not composed for an entire film before, but I insisted. He finally agreed and gave his first musical composition for my film. The music is still popular, and haunting.

When the film was completed, there were few buyers. When they did buy it, it was on their own terms. But its success grew over a period of time. Shaheed was the first film to win three National Awards. I was the first writer to get the award for story writing.

Since there was no official document on Bhagat Singh my story became an official document.

I had the privilege of meeting Bhagat Singh's brothers and I have slept on his mother's lap. When I first met the family Kultarji ( Bhagat Singh's younger brother ), took me to his mother and asked her, 'Maaji does he resemble our brother or not?'

She smiled and said, "To a very great extent?"

I remember she was unwell once and refused to take medication. Kultar took me aside and told me to tell her to take her medicine.

I went to her and said, "Maaji ek prarthna hai (Maaji I have a request)."

She said, "Kya bete, bol (Yes son, tell me)?"

I said, "Dawaayi kha leejiye (Please have your medicines)."

She replied, "Accha tu bolta hai to kha leti hoon (Okay if you say so)."

We then went to Chandigarh and show them the rushes. Batukeshwar Dutt saw it. So did Kultar Singh and family and other revolutionaries like Gulab Singh.

She was pleased with the film. That is why she came for the awards function.

My father had gone to Chandigarh to bring Bhagat Singh's mother for the awards ceremony. Then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was also present. When David Abraham announced Bhagat Singh's mother's name, there was a standing ovation. I remember Indiraji had tears in her eyes.

I gave all the award money I got to Bhagat Singh's mother.

{ As Manoj Kumar spoke to Lata Khubchandani }



Upkar ( 1967 )

Upkar  is a 1967 Indian Hindi film directed by Manoj Kumar. Manoj Kumar started his Mr Bharat persona and his brand of patriotism and fearless courage with this film.


* Directed by ............... Manoj Kumar
* Produced by.............. Harkishen R. Mirchandani
* Written by ................ Manoj Kumar
* Cinematography ....... V. N. Reddy
* Editing by ................. B.S. Glaad
* Music by ................. Kalyanji Anandji
* Lyrics by ............... Gulshan Bawra, Prem Dhawan, Indivar, Qamar Jalalabadi
* Release date ....... 1967
* Running time ........... 175 min.
* Country ................... India
* Language ................ Hindi 

Star Cast:

* Manoj Kumar ................ Bharat
* Asha Parekh ................. Dr. Kavita
* Prem Chopra ................ Puran Kumar
* Kanhaiyalal .................... Lala Dhaniram
* Pran ............................... Malang Chacha
* Krishan Dhawan ........... Ramu
* David Abraham ............. Major saab
* Kamini Kaushal ............. Radha
* Asit Sen .......................... Lakhpati
* Tun Tun .......................... Lakhpati's Wife
* Madan Puri .................... Charan Das
* Aruna Irani ..................... Kamli
* Manmohan Krishan ...... Bishna
* Sunder Lal ..................... Sunder
* Shammi .......................... Pyari
* Gulshan Bawra .............. Som
* Mohan Choti................... Mangal


Ramu lives happily with his wife Radha and two sons Bharat and Puran. Rahda is his second wife but loves her step son Bharat more than her own son Puran. One day Radha's brother Charan Das comes to her house and tries to steal some jewellery, Bharat tries to stop him and soon Ramu also gets involved in this and is killed by Charan Das who is caught and sent to the jail.

Bharat  sacrifices everything so that Puran can get a decent education, which he does, excels in his studies, and also goes abroad. 

The family is very pleased, when Puran returns, hoping that he will ensure that they all live happily in India. But Puran has become a cruel, self-serving man who is ashamed of his village background and now calls himself Kumar. 

Puran's friend Kavita is a doctor, promoting family planning. She comes to the village as a doctor but soon gets impressed by Bharat's simplicity and fell in love with him. Puran, who likes her, becomes jealous of Bharat and starts hating him.

Lala Dhaniram and Charan Das get to know this and to seek revenge from Bharat, provoke Puran to demand his share in the property. Bharat tries to solve all the differences but has to surrender and give his share. Puran gets invoved in all kind of black marketting and illegal activities under the guidence of Lala and Charan Das.

To earn a living Bharat joins the Army with help of Major Saab. When war of 1965 between India and Pakistan breaks out, Bharat is off to the war; while his selfish brother Puran, with the help of his greedy uncle, Charandas (Madan Puri) and some partners, tries to gain profit by selling drugs and blackmarketering in the market. 

In the end, Bharat returns as a war hero defeating the demon designs of the enemy and his brother repents as he is caught by the police (by Kavita's brother). Doctors have to cut Bharat's arms. In the end we see that Puran repents and choses a hard-working life of a farmer . 

Interesting Facts:

* Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri praised his earlier film Shaheed and enthused Manoj Kumar to make a film on 'Jai Jawaan Jai Kissan' slogan. The slogan shaped into Manoj Kumar's official debut as a director for Upkar, where he believably played both a jawan and a kisan. A huge hit, Upkar made Manoj an authority on screen patriotism .

*  Manoj Kumar had the courage to cast Pran in his first positive character role.

* The film won the top spot at the box office in 1967 due to wonderful shots, meaningful dialogues and background music , powerful songs and their beautiful picturisation.

* Madan Puri played the main villain with ease, full ability and command. This is one of his best films. Audience has not seen such a villain till date.

* The film won several major awards.

* Leading lady Asha Parekh had an image as a dancing heroine. Star and filmmaker Manoj Kumar wanted to change her image, since she was playing a doctor promoting planned parenthood, so he gave her only two dance moves in the entire film.

* Manoj Kumar shushed Asha Parekh when she complained about the number of takes for an early morning shot. She got upset and stopped talking to him, but she completed her work on the film. However, she didn't attend the film's premiere, even though its success raised her box-office stature. Two years later, Manoj and Asha started talking to each other again on the set of their next film "Sajan" (1969). In 2009, Asha referred to Manoj as a "very intelligent person." 

* Manoj Kumar said that a "half-lit Asha Parekh" is one of the most beautiful images that he has ever seen on film.



* Music -- by Kalyanji Anandji.
* Lyrics -- by Gulshan Bawra, Indivar, Qamar Jalalabadi and Prem Dhawan

No.-----------Title --------------------Lyricits ----------------Singer(s)

1 "Deewanon Se Ye "--- Qamar Jalalabadi ---- Mukesh
2 "Kasme Waade Pyar " ---- Indivar ------------- Manna Dey
3 "Mere Desh Ki Dharti" --- Gulshan Bawra -- Mahendra Kapoor
4 "Aayi Jhoomke "--Prem Dhawan---Asha, Mahendra & Manna Dey
5 "Gulabi Raat Gulabi" ---- Indivar ------------- Asha  & Mohd. Rafi
6 "Har Khushi Ho Wahan" -- Gulshan Bawra---- Lata

Awards and nominations:

** National Film Awards:

* Second Best Feature Film-----Manoj Kumar
* Best Male Playback Singer ---Mahendra Kapoor "Mere Desh Ki Dharti"


** BFJA Award
* Best Dialogue (Hindi)------------------ Manoj Kumar


** Filmfare Awards:

  Biggest Winner
  Won:  7/9

*  Best Movie Award ------------------ Manoj Kumar
*  Best Director Award ---------------- Manoj Kumar
*  Best Supporting Actor Award ---- Pran
*  Best Story Award ------------------- Manoj Kumar
*  Best Dialogue Award -------------- Manoj Kumar
*  Best Lyricist Award ------------- Gulshan Bawra "Mere Desh Ki"
*  Best Playback Singer, Male ----- Mahendra Kapoor "Mere Desh Ki"


* Nomination for Best Actor------------------------ Manoj Kumar
* Nomination for Best Music----------------------- Kalyanji Anandji


Malang Chacha's (Pran) memorable dialogues :-

* Rashan par bhashan bahut hain par bhashan par rashan koi nahi ,isliye jab bhi bolta hoon jyada hi bolta hoon !
*  Zamin to maa hoti hai, maa ke tukre na hi kiye jate.
* Jee bhar ke logon par upkar kar par pehle apni soch.
* Ram ne har yug mein janam liya hai magar Laxman phir pada nahi hua.
* Insaan chand ki taraf ja raha hai aur insaniyat kuen ke pani ki tarah hoti ja rahi hai.



Purab Aur Paschim ( 1970 )

Purab Aur Paschim  is a 1970 Indian film. The movie was produced and directed by Manoj Kumar, and it stars Manoj Kumar, Saira Banu, Ashok Kumar, Pran and Prem Chopra in the lead roles. The music is by Kalyanji Anandji. The 2007 film Namastey London is inspired from this film.

Details :

* Presented by.................... H.L.Goswami and Raj Goswami
* Directed by ...................... Manoj Kumar
* Produced by .................... Manoj Kumar
* Banner.............................. V.I.P.(Vishal International Productions)
* Written by ........................ Shashi Goswami, Manoj Kumar
* Cinematography by ........... V.N. Reddy
* Editing by........................... B.S. Glaad
* Music by ........................... Kalyanji-Anandji
* Lyrics by............................ Prem Dhawan,Indivar, Santosh Anand
* Chorepgraphy by .............. Surya Kumar
* Distributed by..................... Ultra Distributors
* Country ............................ India
* Language ......................... Hindi 

Star Cast:

* Manoj Kumar ......... Bharat
* Saira Banu ............. Preeti
* Ashok Kumar ......... Harnam's Father
* Kamini Kaushal ..... Ganga, Bharat's Mother
* Pran ...................... Harnam
* Nirupa Roy ............ Kaushalya ( Harnam's wife )
* Bharati .................. Gopi ( Harnam's daughter )
* Vinod Khanna ....... Shyam
* Prem Chopra ........ Omkar / O.P ( Harnam's son )
* Madan Puri ........... Mr. Sharma
* Shammi ................ Rita ( Sharma's wife )
* Rajendra Nath ...... Shankar ( Sharma's son )
* Manmohan ........... Mohan
* Om Prakash ......... Mohan's father in law

It is the story of Bharat who is born during Quit India movement (1942). That very day his father a freedom fighter Om (Krishan Dhawan), is betrayed by Harnam, a fellow neighbour. Harnam  as a result Harnam is rewarded, but the freedom fighter is killed, leaving his wife, Ganga (Kamini Kaushal) and family devastated and destitute. 

Soon Harnam escapes taking his son Omkar, leaving behind a pregnant wife Kaushalya. Soon she gives birth to a baby girl, Gopi . Further Harnam's father popularly called as Guruji takes care of Bharat & his mother. 

Years later, after the Indian Independence in 1947, the freedom fighter's son, Bharat (Manoj Kumar), has grown up. He is proud of Indian values and culture.
Gopi loves Bharat secretely but he is unaware of her feelings. Their common friend Shyam loves her but hesitates to tell her, he takes help of Bharat to expres his feelings to Gopi but she misunderstands.

Bharat decides to go to London for higher studies. On his arrival in Britain, He meets his father's college friend, Sharma (Madan Puri) with his westernized wife, Rita (Shammi) and daughter, Preeti (Saira Banu) and the hippie son, Shankar (Rajendra Nath). 

Preeti has long blonde hair, wears mini-dresses, smokes and drinks and has no idea of Indian values till she meets Bharat.

He is, of course, shocked to see that many Indians in London are ashamed of their roots and even changed their names to sound Western. Or others who long for their country, but stay in the UK for economic reasons like Sharma with his stack of KL Saigal records. Meanwhile, Bharat meets Harnam & Omkar in London. Harnam hates India and his son Omkar is a spoilt brat who is ashamed of his Indian roots and likes to be called as O.P.

Bharat takes it upon himself to try and change their way of thinking while both Bharat and Preeti fall in love with each other. Later on, with his mother's and Guruji (Ashok Kumar)'s approval, he promised to marry Preeti.

Preeti is impressed by Bharat's idealism and wants to marry him, but doesn't want to live in India. 

Bharat wants her to come to India and see what it's like before she rejects it.
When Gopi gets to know Bharat's feelings for Preeti she gets heart broken but soon sacrifices her love and agrees to marry Shyam.

 Omkar comes to know about Bharat and Preeti's marriage, he tries to rape Preeti to take revenge. Guruji tries to save him but Omkar shoots him. Now Harnam repents the values of western culture and helps the police to arrest his own son Omkar. He feels sorry for his deeds and accept his wife and daughter.

The purity and idealism of India redeems Preeti and she gives up smoking, drinking and minis to adopt the traditional lifestyle. She decides to marry Bharat and stay in India for ever.


Purab aur Paschim received very positive reviews. It was a huge success. Its songs were very popular.


*  Music by......... Kalyanji - Anandji
*  Lyrics by .......Prem Dhawan, Indivar, Santosh Anand

** Song -----------------------------------------Singer(s)

* "Dulhan Chali" ------------------- Mahendra Kapoor 
* "Koi Jab Tumhara Hriday" --- Mukesh 
* "Om Jai Jagdish Hare" ------- Mahendra, Brij Bhushan, Shyama Chittar 
* "Purva Suhani " -----Lata, Mahendra, Manhar Udhas, Usha iyer 
* *Raghupati Raghava" ---------- Mahendra and Manhar Udhas 
* "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" --- Asha and Mahendra Kapoor
* "Bharat Ka Rahnewala" -------- Mahendra Kapoor

Interesting Facts:

* "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" was picturized on Saira Banu and Manoj Kumar in a giant puppet show.

* Manoj kumar always wanted only Saira Banu for Preeti's role. He waited for her recovery when she was ill and finally signed her only.

Wonderful scenes:--

* In  India Club's party where Madan Puri asks Manoj Kumar to sing something about India he sings " Hai Preet Jahan Ki Reet Sada"

* When NRI Pran taunts: 'India's contribution is zero...zero .and...zero'.  
Bharat proudly replies in a song --
'Jab zero diya mere Bharat ne, duniya ko tab ginti aayee...' 

* The pre-independence era in is shown Black & White, where as post-independence era in colour. 

* The movie doesn't end with 'The End'. Instead, it says 'HARI OM'.





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