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Dev Anand


*  The timeless Dev Anand  no more ...

Legendary Bollywood Actor Dev Anand  dies of heart attack in London...

*  He was the ultimate flamboyant star, whose romantic image and infectious zeal for cinema will outlive that of his contemporaries.

 * An era has come to an end .. Dev Anand leaves a void never perhaps to be filled again .. his never give up belief, his joy of life !
-- Amitabh Bachchan

Legendary Bollywood actor Dev Anand died in London on Saturday night, 3rd December, 2011 after a cardiac arrest. He was 88.

I pay my  tributes for the 'Evergreen Romantic Superstar' of Indian cinema here.

 Here I am presnting DEV SAAB'S life story ,memorable films and some of my favourite songs.

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Dev Anand -- 'The evergreen star' (1923-2011)
To quote him,
"I never give myself a chance to get depressed. I think ahead."

Devdutt Pishorimal  Anand is one of the greatest stars the Hindi Film Industry has seen. Handsome and debonair, he was the epitome of the suave, urban gentleman.

Devdutt Pishorimal Anand (born 26 September 1923), better known as Dev Anand  is an Indian Hindi Cinema actor, director and film producer. Dev is the second of three brothers who were active in Hindi Cinema. His brothers are Chetan Anand and Vijay Anand. Their sister, Sheel Kanta Kapur, is the mother of renowned Hindi and English film director Shekhar Kapur. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 2001 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2002 for his contributions towards Indian cinema.

Real Name   ----  Devdutt Pishorimal Anand

Screen Name---- Dev Anand
Birth            ----  September 26, 1923 (1923-09-26)        (age 88)
POB            ----  Shakargarh, Gurdaspur, Punjab,
                           British India (now in Narowal District, Pakistan)

Residence   ----  Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Nationality   ---- Indian
Occupatio    ---- Actor,Producer,Director
Wife             ---- Kalpana Kartik ( Mona Singh )
Children       ---- Suneil Anand and Devina
Brothers       ---- Chetan Anand and Vijay Anand
Sister            ---- Sheela Kanta Kapur,
Nephews       ---- Ketan Anand and Shekhar Kapur
Autobiography-- "Romancing with Life" 

Contents --

1.Early life
3.Awards, honours and recognitions
4.Filmfare Awards
6.National honours and recognitions
7.International honors and recognitions


During the making of film Taxi Driver, the couple fell in love and Dev proposed marriage to his heroine Kalpana. In 1954, Taxi Driver was declared a hit and the two decided to marry in a quiet ceremony. The couple had a son, Suneil Anand in 1956. After her marriage Kalpana decided not to pursue her acting career further.

Dev Saab's Style

A rapid-fire style of dialogue delivery and a penchant for nodding while speaking became Dev's style in films like House No. 44, Pocket Maar, Munimji, Funtoosh, C.I.D. and Paying Guest. In the fifties his films were based on mystery genre or light comedy love stories or were films with social relevance like Ek ke baad ek and Funtoosh. His style was lapped up by the audience and was widely imitated.
He starred in a string of box office successes for the remainder of the 1950s opposite newcomer Waheeda Rehman in C.I.D. (1956), Solva Saal, Kala Pani, Kala Bazar and Baat Ek Raat Ki. Waheeda first became a star with C.I.D becoming a hit.

In 1955 he also co-starred with Dilip Kumar in Insaniyat. With his acting in Kala Pani (1958), as the son who is willing to go to any lengths to clear his framed father's name, he won his first Filmfare award for Best Actor for the film.

He attempted films of tragic genre occasionally like Pocketmaar (1956), Kala Pani (1958), Bombai Ka Babu (1960) and Sharabi (1964) and tasted success in them.

Dev also played a few characters with a negative shade, like in Jaal(1952). Apart from his pair with Suraiya and Kalpana Kartik, his pair with Nutan and Waheeda Rehman was popular among the audiences in late 50’s and 60’s. His films Rahee and Aandhiyaan, were screened along with Raj Kapoor's Awaara.

The Trimurthi of Bollywood

From the early fifties till mid sixties, the trio of Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand ruled the roost.

In the sixties, Dev Anand acquired romantic image with films like Manzil and Tere Ghar Ke Samne with Nutan, Kinaare Kinaare with Meena Kumari, Maya with Mala Sinha, Asli-Naqli with Sadhana Shivdasani, Jab Pyar Kisise Hota Hai and Mahal with Asha Parekh and Teen Deviyaan opposite three heroines Kalpana, Simi Garewal and Nanda. In the film Teen Deviyaan, Dev Anand played a playboy.Raj Kapoor though younger than Dev nand, started gaining weight and this affected his career and even Dilip Kumar's films started flopping in the late sixties. But Dev Anand,being slim and fit, continued to look much younger even in the late sixties and seventies.

He gave many popular films till 1990 as the leading man.


His first colour film, Guide with Waheeda Rehman was based on the novel of the same name by R. K. Narayan. Dev Anand himself was the impetus for making the film version of the book. He met and persuaded Narayan to give his assent to the project. Dev Anand tapped his friends in Hollywood to launch an Indo-US co-production that was shot in Hindi and English simultaneously and was released in 1965. Guide, directed by younger brother Vijay Anand, was an acclaimed movie. Dev played Raju, a voluble guide, who supports Rosy (Waheeda) in her bid for freedom. He is not above thoughtlessly exploiting her for personal gains. Combining style with substance, he gave an affecting performance as a man grappling with his emotions in his passage through love, shame and salvation.

He reunited with Vijay Anand for the movie Jewel Thief, based on thriller genre which featured Vaijayantimala, Tanuja, Anju Mahendru, Faryal and Helen. Their next collaboration, Johny Mera Naam (1970), again a thriller, where Dev was paired opposite Hema Malini was a big hit. It was Johnny Mera Naam which made Hema Malini a big star.

His directorial debut, the espionage drama Prem Pujaari, was a flop but has developed a cult following over the years. He tasted success with his 1971 directorial effort, Hare Rama Hare Krishna which talked about the prevalent hippie culture. His find Zeenat Aman, who played the mini-skirt sporting, pot-smoking Janice, became an overnight sensation. Dev also became known as a filmmaker of trenchantly topical themes. This same year, he starred with Mumtaz in Tere Mere Sapne, an adaptation of A. J. Cronin's novel, The Citadel. The film was directed by Dev's brother, Vijay and was also successful.
In the 1970s, Raj Kapoor started playing roles of father in films like Kal Aaj Aur Kal in 1971 and Dharam Karam in 1974 and films with Dilip Kumar as lead hero were failures at box office. Some of the hurriedly made films with Dev Anand as the leading man – three each opposite Hema Malini and Zeenat Aman and Yeh Gulistaan Hamara with Sharmila Tagore became flops and posed a threat to his career as leading man. But he delivered hits again and romanced young heroines Yogita Bali and Rakhee in Banarasi Babu (1973), Hema Malini in Chhupa Rustam(1973) and Amir Ghareeb(1974), Zeenat Aman in Heera Panna(1973), Warrant(1975) and Darling Darling(1977). In 1976, his brother directed a mystery flick named Bullet which though critically acclaimed was not successful at box office.

Dev Anand has also been politically active. He led a group of film personalities who stood up against the Internal Emergency imposed by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi. He actively campaigned against her with his supporters in Indian parliamentary elections in 1977. He also formed a party called the National Party of India, which he later disbanded.

The 1978 hit Des Pardes, directed by Dev Anand was the debut was actress Tina Munim and this film’s success gave him the tag of evergreen hero. He was 55 but he shared very good chemistry with the 20 year old Tina Munim. Dev Anand was offered lead role in Man Pasand by director Basu Chatterjee. Dev Anand’s successful run at the box office continued in the 1980s with Man Pasand, Lootmaar(both opposite Tina Munim), Swami Dada(1982) being both critically acclaimed and box office hits.
Though Dev Anand’s demand as the lead hero had not decreased even in the 1980s, he decided that it was the right time to introduce his son Suneil Anand in films as the hero. He launched his son in the Kramer vs. Kramer inspired Anand Aur Anand (1984), which was produced and directed by Dev Anand himself and had music by R.D.Burman. He expected the film to do well but the film was a box office disaster and Suneil Anand decided to not act in films any more.

But many films with Dev Anand as the lead hero Hum Naujawan (1985), Lashkar (1989) and Awwal Number(1990), where Dev Anand costarred with Aamir Khan were average grossers and appreciated by critics. He was already sixty year old in 1983 when he acted with Padmini Kolhapuri in Swami Dada but did not look old. In 1989, his directorial venture the critically acclaimed Sachché Ka Bolbala was released but it was a commercial failure.

Since the 1990s except for Awwal Number, rest of the eight films directed by him were box office failures. But Sau Crore (1991) and Censor (2000) were critically acclaimed.

Dev Anand has directed 19 films and produced 31 films of which 7 directorial ventures and 18 films respectively were commercially successful at the box office. He wrote the story for 13 of his films. Critics say his directorial ventures have always been ahead of its time. Dev Anand's films are well known for their hit songs. He is known to have been an active participant in the music sessions of a number of his films. His association with music composers Shankar-Jaikishen, O. P. Nayyar, Kalyanji-Anandji, Sachin Dev Burman and his son Rahul Dev Burman, lyricists Hasrat Jaipuri, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Neeraj, Shailendra, Anand Bakshi, and playback singers Mohammad Rafi and Kishore Kumar produced some very popular songs. S.D Burman, R.D Burman, Rafi and Kishore Kumar were his special friends.

In September 2007, Dev's own autobiography "Romancing with Life" was released at a birthday party with the Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.In February 2011, his 1961 black and white film Hum Dono was digitised and colourised and released.

Dev Anand is credited with giving actors like Jackie Shroff in Swami Dada, Tabu in Hum Naujawan and Richa Sharma a break into the film industry and encouraging music composer Rajesh Roshan. Amit Khanna started his career with Navketan as executive producer in 1971 and had been secretary to Dev Anand in 70's. He adds, "The uniqueness of Navketan today is that it's the only film company in the world still run by the one who started it."

With deliberately awkward pastiches (Owing their origins to Gregory Peck and Cary Grant), Dev reveled in playing the mischievous lover boy chasing the heroine. To quote Amit Khanna

"Dev Anand's forte was the boy next door. Part lover, part clown, part do-gooder." 

 Awards, honours and recognition

1955 - Filmfare Awards - Nominated Best Actor for Munimji
1958 - Winner Best Actor for Kalapani
1959 - Nominated Best Actor for Love Marriage
1960 - Nominated Best Actor for Kala Bazar
1961 - Nominated Best Actor for Hum Dono
1966 - Winner Best Film for Guide
1991 - Winner Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award

 National honours and recognitions

1996 – Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award
1997 – Mumbai Academy of Moving Images Award for his Outstanding Services to the Indian Film Industry
1998 – Lifetime Achievement Award by the Ujala Anandlok Film Awards Committee in Calcutta
1999 – Sansui Lifetime Achievement Award for his 'Immense Contribution to Indian Cinema' in New Delhi
2000 – Film Goers' Mega Movie Maestro of the Millennium Award in Mumbai
2001 – Padma Bhushan Award (India's third highest civilian award from the Government of India)
2001 – Special Screen Award for his contribution to Indian cinema
2001 – Evergreen Star of the Millennium Award at the Zee Gold Bollywood Awards
2002 – Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award for cinematic excellence
2003 – Lifetime Achievement Award for "Outstanding Achievement in Indian Cinema" at IIFA Award in Johannesburg, South Africa[citation needed]
2004 – Legend of Indian Cinema Award at Atlantic City (United States)
2004 – Living Legend Award by the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in recognition of his contribution to the Indian entertainment industry
2005 – Sony Golden Glory Award
2006 – ANR Award by the Akkineni International Foundation
2006 – Glory of India Award by IIAF, London
2007 – Punjab Ratan (Jewel of Punjab) Award by the World Punjabi Organisation (European Division) for his outstanding contribution in the field of art and entertainment.
2008 – Lifetime Achievement Award by Ramya Cultural Academy in association with Vinmusiclub
2008 – Lifetime Achievement Award by Rotary Club of Bombay
2008 – Awarded at the IIJS Solitaire Awards
2009 – Outstanding contribution to Indian cinema at the Max Stardust Awards
2010 – Phalke Ratna Award by Dadasaheb Phalke Academy
2010 – Rashtriya Gaurav Award
2011 – Rashtriya Kishore Kumar Samman from the Government of Madhya Pradesh[citation needed]
2011 – NDTV Indian of the Year's Lifetime Achievement Award with Rahul Dravid

 International honors and recognitions

* In July 2000, in New York City, he was honoured by an Award at the hands of the then First Lady of the United States of America, Hillary Rodham Clinton, for his 'Outstanding Contribution to Indian Cinema'.
* In 2000, he was awarded the Indo-American Association "Star of the Millennium" Award in the Silicon Valley, California.
* Donna Ferrar, Member New York State Assembly, honoured him with a "New York State Assembly Citation" for his 'Outstanding Contribution to the Cinematic Arts Worthy of the Esteem and Gratitude of the Great State of New York' on 1 May 2001.
* In 2005, he was honoured with a "Special National Film Award" by the Government of Nepal at Nepal’s first NationIndian film festival in Stockholm.
* In 2008 he was guest of honour at a dinner hosted by the Provost of Highland Council in Inverness, Scotland to celebrate 10 years since he first worked in the Scottish Highlands. He spent several days in the area, en route to Cannes, as a guest of the Highlands and Islands Film Commission.

Chargesheet (2011)
Aman ke Farishtey (2003)
Censor (2001)
Return of Jewel Thief (1996)
Sau Crore (1991)
Awwal Number (1990)
Sache ka Bol Bala (1989)
Hum Naujawan (1985)
Anand aur Anand (1984)
Swami Dada (1982)
Man Pasand (1980)
Lootmaar (1980)
Des Pardes (1978)
Kalabaaz (1977)
Darling Darling (1977)
Saheb Bahadur (1977)
Jaaneman (1976)
Bullet (1976)
Warrant (1975)
Amir Garib (1974)
Ishq Ishq Ishq (1974)
Prem Shastra (1974)
Joshila (1973)
Banarsi Babu (1973)
Chhupa Rustom (1973)
Shareef Badmash (1973)
Heera Panna (1973)
Yeh Gulistan Humara (1972)
Tere Mere Sapne (1971)
Gambler (1971)
Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1971)
Prem Pujari (1970)
Johny Mera Naam (1970)
Mahal (1969)
Duniya (1968)
Kahin Aur Chal (1968)
Jewel Thief (1967)
Pyar Mohabbat (1966)
Teen Deviyaan (1965)
Guide (1965)
Sharabi (1964)
Kinare Kinare (1963)
Tere Ghar ke Saamne (1963)
Asli Naqli (1962)
Baat Ek Raat ki (1962)
Roop ki Rani Choron ka Raja (1961)
Jab Pyar Kisi se Hota Hai (1961)
Hum Dono (1961)
Maya (1961)
Manzil (1960)


Three  Memorable  Movies  of  Dev  Anand

(1)  HUM  DONO

Banner    --------- Navketan Films

Directed by------- Amarjeet

Produced by ----- Dev Anand

Written by ------- Vijay Anand (Screenplay & Dialogue)  

                -------- Nirmal Sircar(story)

*Cast        -------- Dev Anand (Double Role) 

                 ------- Sadhna

                   ------ Nanda

                    ------ Leela Chitnis

Music by    ------- Jaidev

Lyrics by --------- Sahir Ludhinavi

Released --------- 1961
Country ---------- India

Language --------- Hindi

Hum Dono is a 1961 Hindi film produced by Dev Anand and Navketan films. Written by Vijay Anand, the film is directed by Amarjeet. The film stars Dev Anand in a double role, and also has Nanda, Sadhana and Leela Chitnis. It has been relaunched in Colour exactly after 50 years on 4th February 2011. Film is also known for its music by Jaidev. The film became a box office hit.

Contents ----
1. Plot summary
2. Nominations
3. Colorized version

1. Plot summary

Mahesh Anand and Major Verma have two things in common. Both are in the army and both look-alike.

When Major Verma is missing in action (MIA) in Burma Campaign during World War II, believed dead (KIA) during the battle, Mahesh is asked to convey this news to his family. Upon arrival, he is mistaken for Major Verma. He meets with Verma's mom, Mrs. Verma, as well as his ailing wife, Ruma. Unable to break the news of Verma's death and shatter their fragile world, Mahesh gets mistaken as Verma and is welcomed home. This creates complications in Mahesh's life as his sweetheart, Meeta, thinks that Mahesh no longer loves her.

Then Ruma finds out that her husband is in love with another woman. Mahesh finds himself in a deep quandary, for he is unable to confide to anyone, and the only one who can assist him find his way back to his own life and family - is Major Verma.

Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor---Dev Anand
Director Amarjeet was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 1962 Berlin International Film Festival.


The film has superhit songs --
* "Mai Zindagi ka saath nibhata chala gaya"   by-- Mohammed Rafi
* "Allah tero naam" by-- Lata 
* "Abhi na jaao chhodkar" by-- Mohammad Rafi and Asha Bhonsle.
* "Kabhi khud pe kabhi halat pe rona aya" by-- Mohammed Rafi
* "Jahan mein aisa kaun hai" by-- Asha Bhonsle

3.Colorized versionA colorized version of the film was released theatrically in 2011.



Directed by......... Vijay Anand

Produced by........ Gulshan Rai

Written  by......... Vijay Anand

                     ...... K.A. Narayan

Editing  b      y... Vijay Anand
Starring              ... Dev Anand

                           ... Hema Malini

                           ... Pran

                           ... Jeevan

                           ... Premnath

                           ... I.S. Johar

Music  by           ... Kalyanji-Anandji

Lyrics                 ... Indeevar

                           ... Rajendra Krishan

Cinematography.... Fali Mistry

Studio                ... Mehboob Studios

Distributors.       .. Trimurti Films Pvt. Ltd.

                           .. Prasad Productions Pvt. Ltd.

Released on       ...11 November 1970

Country              ... India

Language           ... Hindi

Johny Mera Naam is a 1970 Indian Hindi movie. Directed by Vijay Anand, it stars the director's brother, Dev Anand and Pran in the role of a pair of brothers separated in childhood. Hema Malini, Jeevan, Premnath, I. S. Johar and Iftekhar also star in this movie. It is considered a Dev Anand classic.

Contents --

1. Plot
2. Cast
3. Box Office
4. Soundtrack
5. Interesting Facts

1. Plot --

Monu and Sonu are the two sons of a police inspector. The kids excel in boxing. Their father gets killed by a goon following orders from Ranjit (Premnath).

Mohan kills the goon and takes refuge in a car boot, and goes missing. Years later Sohan (Dev Anand) goes on to become a CID officer called Sohan Kumar, who solves his cases taking up different guises.

He takes the identity of Johny a petty thief and gets himself in Jail, befriends Heera (Jeevan) and goes to solve a case wooing Rekha (Hema Malini) and finding the criminal.

2. Cast --

Dev Anand ... Johny / Sohan
Hema Malini ... Rekha
Pran ... Moti / Mohan
Jeevan ... Heera
Premnath ... Ranjit / Rai Saab Bhupendra Singh
I.S. Johar ... Pehle Ram (Palmist) / Dooja Ram / Teeja Ram
Padma Khanna ... Tara
Randhawa ... Babu
Sulochana Latkar ... Sohan's & Mohan's mother (Sulochana)

3. Box Office --
It was the highest grossing Bollywood film of 1970 and also the 7th highest grossing Bollywood movie of the 1970's.

4. Soundtrack--

Song ---------------------------------Singer(s)----------------------------Picturized On

O Mere Raja ---------------- Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle---- Dev Anand and Hema Malini

Pal Bhar Ke Liye------------ Kishore Kumar      ------------------- Dev Anand and Hema Malini

Mose Mora Shyam Rootha-- Lata Mangeshkar -------------------- Hema Malini
O Babul Pyare --------------- Lata Mangeshkar -------------------- Hema Malini

Nafrat Karne Walon Ke----- Kishore Kumar ---------------------- Dev Anand and Hema Malini

Husn Ke Lakhon Rang------- Asha Bhosle ------------------------ -Premnath and Padma Khanna 

5. Interesting Facts--


* The song "Pal Bhar Ke Liye" composed by Kalyanji-Anandji, and performed by Kishore Kumar in this film was very popular, it was used at the end of The Simpsons episode Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore (2006).

* A scene of the film is shown in the 2007 thriller Johnny Gaddaar, prompting a character to give "Johnny" as a fake name and hence the film title.

* The song "Pal Bhar Ke Liye" was picturized at the "Godawari" garden near Kathmandu, in which the glamor girl, Hema Malini, appears in beautiful getup.



Guide is a 1965 Hindi film starring Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman. It was directed by Vijay Anand, who also contributed to the screenplay. The film is based on the critically acclaimed novel, The Guide, by R. K. Narayan, and is widely considered to be one of the masterpieces of the Indian film industry.

Directed by -----Vijay Anand
Produced by -----Dev Anand
Written by ------Vijay Anand
                         R. K. Narayan (novel)

Starring             Dev Anand
                         Waheeda Rehman
                         Leela chitnis
                         Kishor Sahu
                        Anwar Hussain
                        Rashid Khan
Music by --------S.D.Burman
Cinematography-- Fali Mistry
Editing by------ Vijay Anand
                         Babu Sheikh
Release date    6 February 1965
Country India
Language  Hindi
The film proved to be a box office hit upon release.This movie proved memorable for its award-winning performances by the lead actors and memorable music by S. D. Burman.
A 120-minute U.S. version was made with additional directing and writing. It was produced by Tad Danielewski.The film was screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, 42 years after its release.

Contents ---

1 Plot
2 Production
3 Cast
4 Music
5 Awards
6 Won
7 Nominations
8 Differences from the novel

Plot --
Dev Anand stars as Raju, a freelance guide, who earns his living by taking tourists to historic sites. The movies starts with Raju being released from jail, and then the story runs in flashback. One day, a wealthy and aging archaeologist Marco comes to the city with his young wife Rosie (Waheeda Rehman) the daughter of a courtesan. Marco wants to do some research on the caves outside the city and hires Raju as his guide. He discovers a new cave and ignores Rosie.

While Marco devotes himself to the discovery of the cave, Raju takes Rosie on a tour and appreciates her dancing ability and innocence. Raju learns about Rosie's background as a daughter of a prostitute and how Rosie has achieved respectability as the wife of Marco but at a terrible cost. She has had to give up her passion of dancing since it is unacceptable to Marco. Meanwhile, Rosie tries to commit suicide by consuming poison. Marco, upon knowing the incidence returns from the caves to see Rosie and gets furious on Rosie after seeing her alive. He tells Rosie that her act of committing suicide was a drama, otherwise she would have consumed more sleeping pills so that she could really have died. On returning to Caves which were discovered, Rosie learns that Marco is spending time and enjoying the company of a native tribal girl. Rosie is mad at Marco and both indulge in a serious heated discussion and then Rosie leaves the caves, and again wants to end her life. But Raju calms her by saying that committing suicide is a sin, and that she should live to pursue her dream.

She finally says good-bye to the relation of being the wife of Marco. But now she needs support and a place to live. It is here that Raju takes her to his home.

Rosie is considered a prostitute too, by Raju's community( as classical dancing traditionally was related with prostitute at Royal court) which leads to many problems including his mother and her brother insisting that Rosie be kicked out. Raju refuses and his mother leaves him. His friend and driver also falls out with him over Rosie. Raju loses his business and the entire town turns against him. Undeterred by these setbacks, Raju helps Rosie embark on a singing and dancing career and Rosie becomes a star. As she rises as a star, Raju becomes dissolute—gambling and drinking. Marco comes back on the scene. Trying to win Rosie back, he brings flowers and has his agent ask Rosie to release some jewelry which is in a safe deposit box. Raju, a bit jealous, does not want Marco to have contact with Rosie and forges Rosie's name on the release of the jewels.Meanwhile Rosie and Raju drift apart due to Rosie's incomprehensible behaviour when she tortures Raju by not obliging him a caring hug even and asks him to leave her room else she says she will have to go out. Before this they also had a discussion about how a man should live when Rosie remembers Marco and tells Raju that Marco was probably correct when he used to say that a Man should not live on a woman's earnings.Raju retorts by saying that she is under a misunderstanding that she has become a star on her own and this was Raju's efforts which has helped her a lot in becoming a star.

Then later Rosie learns of the forgery release. Raju is convicted of forgery, resulting in a two year sentence. Rosie does not understand why Raju indulged in forgery. It was not money, it was the loving fascination for Rosie which urged Raju not to reveal Marco's visit to Rosie so that she doesn't remember him again and to eliminate the probability of Rosie and Marco's togetherness, if at all, there was any little chance even. On the day of his release, his mother and Rosie come to pick him up but they are told that he was released six months ago because of his good behaviour.

Upon his release Raju wanders alone. Despair, poverty, rags, hunger, loneliness engulf him until he finds a wandering group of sadhus(holy men) with whom he spends a night at a derelict temple in a small town. He sleeps and one of the itinerant holy men places a shawl upon him while he sleeps. The holy men leave. The next morning, a farmer (Bhola) finds Raju sleeping under the orange shawl. Bhola thinks Raju is a holy man. Bhola is having a problem with his sister because she refuses to marry. Raju impresses upon the woman the logic in taking a husband and she submits, which convinces Bhola that Raju is a swami (holy man). Impressed by this Bhola spreads the news through village. Raju is taken as the holy man for the village. The farmers bring gifts for him and start consulting him with their problems. Raju assumes the role of village holy man (Swami Ji) and engages in skirmishes with the local pandits. In telling a childhood story, Raju speaks of a holy man whose 12 day fast resulted in God's bringing rain to end a drought.

A drought and ensuing famine hit the region hard. Through miscommunication of a village fool, Raju's (Swami Ji) words are interpreted by villagers that he will fast for 12 days to end the drought. He finds himself trapped by villagers' belief. At first Raju opposes the idea, going as far as telling Bhola that he is just a human like any one of them and even worse a convict who has undergone trial and served a jail sentence over a woman. But even the confession was not enough for the villagers to give up on their belief who quote the story of dacoit Ratnakar who became Valmiki. He reluctantly begins the fast, although he does not believe that there is any relation between a man's hunger and rain. With the fast, Raju undergoes a spiritual transformation. As the fast goes on, his fame spreads. People by the thousands come to see him and take his blessings. An American journalist asks him whether he truly believes that his fast would bring rain, he smiles and says "These people have faith in me, and I have faith in their faith". Upon hearing his fame Rosie pays him a visit, so does his mother and his friend Gaffoor, who is Muslim .Bhola does not allow him to enter the temple on the grounds that he is of a different religion. Raju comes out and asks Bhola what is his religion. He tells Bhola that humanity,love and helping the others is his religion. Then Bhola begs excuse and sees them hugging each other sentimentally and his eyes becomes wet. Raju understands that He now has everything he has lost a long time back. His health starts falling, and he thinks about the meaning of his life. On one side there is Rosie, his Mother and a chance to get back to his past life and on the other side there is a noble cause to fast and hope for the rain.

He gets enlightened by the concept that his past sins are washed away by his anguish and the Guide Raju he knew has died. And now the only thing that remains is the spiritual Raju, which is indestructible. He is reconciled with his mother, Rosie and the driver during his ordeal. He transcends this life. Amidst thunder clap and heavy downpour, his soul departs this earth while the crowd rejoices and his beloveds cry.

The climax also teaches the Bhagavad Gita's principles: "Man does not die it is only body which dies. Soul remains for ever."

 Production --

Dev Anand was approached by American director Tad Danielewski and Pearl Buck to be cast in an American film based on a novel by an Indian author. Although Dev Anand had refused, he took up the opportunity for a collaboration when he met Tad again at the 1962 Berlin Film Festival. Somebody suggested The Guide. Dev Anand purchased the book and read it at one go. He called up Pearl who invited him to the United States to discuss on the project. With their approval, he called up R. K. Narayan and procured the rights to the book.

The movie was planned to be an Indo-American co-production to be shot simultaneously in Hindi and English. The idea was to film the scenes common to both versions simultaneously. Pearl tutored Waheeda Rehman on her diction for the English part. But because of differences of opinion between the two production teams, Dev Anand postponed the Hindi version, thereby freeing Chetan Anand to direct Haqeeqat which was later highly acclaimed. It also became an opportunity for Vijay Anand who stepped in, as the film proved a landmark for him.

 Cast --

* Dev Anand as Raju
* Waheeda Rehman as Rosie Marco / Miss Nalini
* Leela Chitnis as Raju's Mother
* Kishore Sahu as Marco
* Gajanan Jagirdar as Bhola
* Anwar Hussain as Gaffoor
* Ulhas as Raju's Maternal Uncle
* Krishan Dhawan as Inspector Girdhari

 Music --
The music for this film was composed by Sachin Dev Burman, the songs were written by Shailendra and the songs were sung by Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey and Sachin Dev Burman. The soundtrack was listed by Planet Bollywood as number 11 on their list of 100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks.
Song ----------------------------------Singer(s)------------------ Picturised on

"Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna"    -----Lata Mangeshkar                  Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Din Dhal Jaaye"             --- -------- Mohammed Rafi                   Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Gaata Rahe Mera Dil"        --- ----- Kishore Kumar & Lata         Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Kya Se Kya Ho Gaya"          ------- Mohammed Rafi                   Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Piya Tose Naina Laage Re"   --- ---Lata Mangeshkar                  Waheeda Rehman
"Saiyaan Beimaan"             --------- Lata Mangeshkar                   Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Tere Mere Sapne"             --------- Mohammed Rafi                   Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Wahan Kaun Hai Tera"       ------   Sachin Dev Burman              Dev Anand
"He Ram Hamare Ramchandra" ----Manna Dey & Chorus            Dev Anand
"Allah Megh De Paani De"       -----Sachin Dev Burman               Dev Anand

 Awards --

* The film was selected as the Indian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.

* Guide was also first film to win all four of the major awards (Best Movie, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress) at the Filmfare awards.

Won --
Filmfare Best Movie Award ------------ Dev Anand
Filmfare Best Director Award ---------- Vijay Anand
Filmfare Best Actor Award ------------- Dev Anand
Filmfare Best Actress Award ----------- Waheeda Rehman
Filmfare Best Story Award -------------- R. K. Narayan
Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award - Fali Mistry
Filmfare Best Dialogue Award ---------- Vijay Anand
 Filmfare Best Female Playback Award - Lata Mangeshkar


Filmfare Best Music Director Award - Sachin Dev Burman

Differences from the novel
In the film, Raju meets a celebrity death surrounded by his near and dear ones and the media with rain ending the drought in the village. However, in the novel, this event is anonymous with an unclear ending about his death or the end of the drought.

See also--

* List of submissions to the 38th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
* List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film


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